1924-1929: Historical Contexts and Future Lessons
From 1924 to 1929, historical studies, war gaming, and the concepts of tactics, command, joint operations, and policy led the curriculum at the Naval War College. In addition, the Naval War College Department of Intelligence Research Department created a Historical Research Department in 1927. NWC leadership tasked the department, which was active from 1927 through 1930, with identifying and creating lectures based on naval battles and joint operations that could provide instructive lessons for future leaders. The topics ranged from Naval and Combined Operations at the Battle of Mobile Bay, during the U.S. Civil War to the history of the Russo-Japanese War and the Battle Tsushima, as well as the Eastern and Western Fronts of WWI.
Students in these years looked at Jutland with an eye toward new technology and innovation: Captain, then Admiral, Joseph M. Reeves, known as the "Father of Carrier Aviation," specifically commented on the lack of air power at Jutland. Directly following his time at the Naval War College, Reeves sought out aviation training and qualified as a "Naval Aviation Observer," a separate role from "Naval Aviator," however, the designation and training enabled him to assume the post of Commander, Aircraft Squadron, Battle Fleet in 1925.
The second document is a lecture given by Joseph Reeves to the class of 1924-1925. The document includes copies of the charts/plates illustrating fleet movements over time during the battle. Reeves taught using the idea of "Fundamental Principles of War," or the "Nine Immutable Principles of War,": the Principle of the Objective, the Principle of the Offense, the Principle of Superiority, the Principle of Security, the Principle of Surprise, the Principle of Simplicity, the Principle of Movement, the Principle of Economy of Force, and the Principle of Cooperation.