Thesis on Policy, Class of 1926
Krueger, Walter, 1881-1967
Walter Krueger had a distinguished career, retiring with the rank of General in the U.S. Army in 1946 following service during the Spanish-American War, WWI, and WWII. Krueger looked for ways to improve the Army's operational level of war--its speed, response, and maneuverability, its operational level of war. His work translating German language documents in the post-WWI era impacted army education in the interwar years.
Born in Flatow, West Prussia (now Zlotow, Poland) on 26 January 1881, Krueger emigrated to the United States with his parents at the age of eight.
Krueger volunteered for service during the Spanish-American War (1898) and decided to enlist in the U.S. Army. He advanced to Sergeant and received commission as a 2nd Lieutenant, 30th Infantry in 1901.
Education and teaching became critical components of Krueger's career and career advancement. He attended the Cincinnati Techincal School (1898). Upon his return to the U.S. following service in Cuba and the Philippines, he attended and graduated from Infantry-Cavalry School in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas (1906) and the General Staff College (1907). Additionally, he graduated from the Army War College (1921) and the U.S. Naval War College (1926). He taught at the Army War College and for four years at the U.S. Naval War College (1928-1932) in the Department of Operations, Strategy, and Tactics.
Krueger served with General John J. Pershing in Mexico (1916) before arriving in France in 1918. Upon arrival, Krueger received assignment as Assistant Chief of Staff to IV and VI Corps as part of the post-war occupation, advancing to the rank of temporary Colonel. From 1919 to 1941, Krueger steadily rose through the ranks.
On 16 July 1941, Krueger, recently promoted to Lieutenant General, became commander of the Southern Defense Command and 3rd Army. His chief of staff was Colonel Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Nearing retirement age, Krueger anticipated spending the war on the homefront--orders from General Douglas MacArthur changed that. Krueger received command of the 6th Army in the southern Pacific and Australia. Under Krueger, the 6th Army undertook some of the most dangerous amphibious battles of the war including New Guinea and the Philippines.
Krueger received promotion to General on 5 March 1945 and retired from the Army in 1946. General Walter Krueger retired to San Antonio, Texas where he wrote about his experiences in the Pacific theater. He died in 1967.
- Naval policy
Paper, 8 x 10.5", 55 pp.
RG-0013, Box 7
In the public domain